Home ] Old Reports ] CARPET MILL LIST ] Links ] Goverment Standards ] Research ] Tests Procedures ] Tools ] Work Sheets ]

Appearance Retention ] [ Buckling Research ] Carpet Cleaning ] Carpet Cushion ] Color Loss Research ] Crushing Research ] FIBER I D CHART ] Latex Research ] LINES RESEARCH ] Concrete Related Issues ] Luster Research ] Mat Sizes ] Olefin Carpet ] Pattern Match Research ] Pooling ] Red Marks ] Traffic Lane Grays ] Yellowing ]

Home ]


Manufacturing, installation, cleaning, and usage all can cause a carpet to buckle or have ridges. In some cases, it is related to latex problems and delamination.


Buckling (also, puckering) - A condition in which a carpet does not lie flat. Buckling can be caused by uneven tension on yarns during weaving, by uneven tension on backings during tufting, or on improper insufficient stretch during wall-to wall installation. It also may be attributable to poor dimensional stability caused by improper installation, excessively thick cushion, delamination, or faulty backing fabrics.


If the latex is stiff & brittle or limp & droopy this is how it may look

buckling.gif (71055 bytes)

If the problem is inherent in manufacturing, then testing can be done for DIMENSIONAL STABILITY. DIMENSIONAL STABILITY does not have official standards. In years past a combined percentage greater than three percent was not acceptable. Furthermore a percentage less than 2.5 was required to consider the carpet good. Currently some mills would say that yarn style and woven backing material would be a factor in determining a higher acceptable percent on this test.

To see a report on this issue click here.


    • If the carpet is not power stretched or if it is power stretched in one direction, this is what happens.

buckling_research_htm_txt_power_stretcher_holes.gif (81888 bytes)

The backside of the carpet above shows oblong stretch marks made from the nail of the tackless strip on the right or bottom-side, but not on the left side. Thus this carpet was stretched in the length only creating buckling in the length.

The temperature and humidity on the day that the carpet was installed could also have an effect on a carpet buckling and CRI STANDARDS for both temperature and power stretching are given below.

Concerning Temperature and Humidity with respect to Site Conditions the CRI105 - 1994 says this:

5.2 Temperature and Humidity - Carpet should be installed when the temperature is between 65 and 95 F (18 C. and 35 C.) and the relative humidity Is between 10% and 65% and, if installing over concrete, the slab temperature should not be less than 65 F (18 C).

Concerning power-stretching, the CRI105 says:

9.14 Power Stretching - Following seaming, carpet must be power stretched and firmly hooked onto the tackless strip at the starting walls in surrounding area. The use of a power stretcher is mandatory.

Before power stretching, make certain that hot melt tape seams are cool to the touch.

A four-way stretch is to be used. (See Figures 3-5)

Follow the carpet manufacturer’s recommendations for the method and amount of stretch to be applied.. When recommendations are not available, tufted carpet with jute secondary back should be stretched "drum-tight." Tufted carpet with synthetic secondary back should be stretched 1 to 1 1/2% in width and length.

Temporary Ripples, Waves after Cleaning

There is a temporary condition known as DIFFERENTIAL EXPANSION where the carpet has ridges. DIFFERENTIAL EXPANSION is quart in design of tufted carpet where backings expand at different rates. According to the IICRC, CCT Certification course instruction, a cleaner must inform the customer of the cause and tell them to stay off carpet in this condition and let it dry.

wpe3.jpg (46356 bytes)